Hammertoes are digital deformities from bony abnormalities. Often, the PIPJ or proximal phalangeal joint is flexed, or forms a ‘knuckle’. This flexion of the joint forms from many ways, but one of the most common includes tendon imbalances and various tendons overpowering other groups of tendons in the foot. Simple causes of hammertoes include many years of tight shoe gear. A bunion deformity can also cause a hammertoe deformity to form, especially at the 2nd digit.
Conservative treatments include wider shoe gear or orthotics, however, since it is an osseous deformity, surgery is also an option. Two surgical options include arthroplasty (releasing the joint) or arthrodesis (fusing the joint).
Your podiatric surgeon at One Oak Medical will determine which option best suits you.